Colorado School of Mines Graduate Programs

Why engineers should seriously consider an advanced degree in underground construction and tunnel engineering

It may seem like underground construction and tunnel engineering is having a moment, thanks in part to Elon Musk and the high-tech sheen of his Hyperloop and The Boring Company projects.

But the truth is that the industry, in addition to a rich history, has a thriving and varied present and anticipates further growth in its immediate future, driving demand for engineers with the advanced skills needed to meet its unique challenges.

While underground projects—especially large and complex builds—require all manner of engineers, those with specialized training in underground construction and tunnel engineering (UCTE) have greater opportunities to take part in and lead these efforts.

“UCTE is an interdisciplinary mix of structural, geotechnical and construction disciplines from civil engineering, excavation and material handling from mining engineering, and ground/groundwater characterization from geological engineering” says Mike Mooney, Grewcock Chair Professor of Underground Construction & Tunneling and Director of the UCTE graduate program. “Our UCTE graduate degree program blends the key components from our civil, mining and geological engineering degree programs.”

“UCTE is the perfect marriage of geological sciences and fundamental engineering,” says Ryan O’Connell, a master’s student in underground construction and tunnel engineering at Colorado School of Mines.

What sets a master’s or PhD in UCTE apart from advanced degrees in civil, mining or geological engineering? »

The need to address transportation challenges—whether it’s via underground roadways, subways and train tunnels or more futuristic efforts such as Musk’s Loop system—is just one of the many factors leading to increased interest in subterranean construction.

“Urbanization is driving underground development,” says Mooney,. “Urban areas have less room and need more infrastructure—water, wastewater, stormwater, energy, utilities, and data centers. Underground provides huge opportunity to make cities livable.”

“Tunneling is one promising alternative for solving these problems and meeting the demands of our growing cities,” O’Connell says.

Learn more about the history of underground construction and tunnel engineering and what is driving current and future demand »

All this means engineers who specialize in underground construction and tunnel design and construction are in high demand. “We have 100 percent placement of our graduates,” says Mooney, with an average of two to three job offers for every student who completes the program.

With that demand comes commensurate compensation. Industry job titles are varied, so it’s a little tricky to pin down, but the numbers are impressive regardless.

Learn about the career prospects for UCT engineers—salaries, companies, current and upcoming projects

At minimum, pursuing an advanced degree in underground construction and tunnel engineering requires a bachelor’s degree, prerequisite coursework related to the strength or mechanics of materials and fluid mechanics, and acceptable GRE scores.

Succeeding, however, takes more than the basics. Mines students and faculty can provide excellent advice on preparing for an advanced program in UCTE.

Read words of wisdom from the Mines UCT community, including what students wish they had known before starting »

Advanced degree programs specializing in underground construction and tunneling are rare: Colorado School of Mines has the only such program in North America. However, whether you are considering a bachelor’s, masters or doctoral degree, graduate certificates or short courses, there are several things to keep in mind.

What to consider in selecting a program in underground construction and tunnel engineering »

Students working in Edgar Mine

Underground Construction and Tunnel Engineering

Be on the cutting edge as urbanization brings cities below the surface

Civil engineering student using surveying tool

Civil Engineering

Build a better world with a graduate degree from Mines

Geology field session

Geology & Geological Engineering

Become a leader in the management and study of the Earth and its resources

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Mining Engineering

The top-ranked mining and mineral program in the world

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